Our skin performs one of the most important functions of our body: it prevents any external agent from infecting our internal system. Still, this does not mean that the skin itself does not suffer from infections.
Skin infections are generally mild, very frequent, and have a good prognosis. Its most common symptoms are redness and swelling, sometimes with itchy skin and pain. In some cases the infection can be serious and/or spread throughout the body, even reaching the blood.
There are different types of infections depending on the microorganism that produces them but the most common one is the fungal infection.
The Most Common Fungal Infections Types
• Candidiasis/Yeast: caused by yeasts of the genus Candida, usually caused by the species Candida Albicans, the most common fungal infection. They can be superficial affecting the skin and/or mucous membranes, infect systemically or be part of a systemic picture.
• Ringworm: also known as dermatophytosis, they are caused by dermatophyte fungi. They can appear on the feet like athlete’s foot, on the nails, on the scalp, etc.
• Pityriasis Versicolor: it is a superficial infection caused by a dysbiosis or imbalance of the skin flora, due to an exaggerated growth of yeasts of the Malassezia genus.
Multiple factors predispose you to get this infection. Regularly, the immune system of our body keeps the population of fungi, bacteria, and yeasts under control, but some conditions make us more sensitive to the infectious agent, such as:
• Being a newborn.
• Women in the premenstrual period.
• Having diabetes
• Overweight and obesity.
• Excessive intake of carbohydrates.
• Take antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressants.
• Have an autoimmune disease.
• Being exposed to excessive and prolonged humidity.
• Use underwear made of synthetic materials.
• The most common candidiasis symptoms are:
• Thick whitish discharge that accumulates (scales).
• Burning or itching sensation.
• Inflammation and pain.
The involvement of ringworm is universal and affects people of all types, gender, and age. It is very common, especially among children, and can be spread by direct skin-to-skin contact or by objects such as combs or clothing. Ringworm is easily spread from the ground, the skin, or the hair of people and animals, usually pets. Fungi can stay active for a long time.
The most common dermatophytoses or ringworms are:
• Ringworm of the beard.
• Ringworm of the scalp.
• Corporal ringworm.
• Ringworm of the feet.
The usual symptoms are:
• Skin cracking.
Pitiriasis Versicolor Causes
It is mainly due to environmental factors. External factors such as hot and humid weather, the use of oils on the skin, excessive sweating. There is also a genetic predisposition component, in addition to hormonal factors and factors related to the immune system of the person suffering from this skin infection.
On the other hand, pregnancy, malnutrition, and the taking of corticosteroids can also favor its appearance.
• Hypopigmented or hyperpigmented spots of different sizes compared to normal skin.
• Redness, and are usually slightly scaly.
If you notice patches of redness, scaly circles, inflammation, and itchiness on your skin, visit a dermatologist to diagnose and treat the infection.